Franchise Tax Ohio: How Business Tax Works in OH



What type of taxes will you owe on Ohio Business Income?

A corporation must pay a corporate federal income tax on its profits, regardless of where it earned those profits. This includes dividends, interest, rents, royalties, capital gains, and most sales. However, some states impose a franchise tax on corporations doing business within their borders. These taxes are typically based on the amount of revenue a corporation earns within a state. For example, California charges a franchise tax equal to 2% of a corporation’s net taxable income.

Some states charge a franchise tax, but do not require companies to file a separate return. Instead, these states collect taxes directly from the corporation’s customers. In addition, some states exempt certain types of businesses from paying a franchise tax.

How Ohio Business Income Tax Works

Person Holding Black Calculator While Using Laptop

The Ohio Business Activity Tax (BAIT) is a tax levied on corporations doing business within the state of Ohio. BAIT is imposed at a flat rate of five and one half percent (5.5%) of the corporation’s total gross receipts. There is no deduction for expenses incurred in carrying out the activities of the corporation.

Corporations must file quarterly reports with the Ohio Department of Taxation detailing the value of the goods sold, the cost of materials used, and the labor hours worked. This information allows the department to calculate the tax owed by the corporation.

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In addition to the tax, the corporation must remit payment to the state treasury. The amount due varies depending on the type of entity being taxed.


A corporation is a legal entity that exists separate from its owners. For example, a corporation owns property, pays employees, and files taxes. However, it does not make decisions on its own; rather, it acts through agents called officers. In some cases, corporations act through multiple layers of management.

An S corporation is a typeof corporation where there is nocorporate income tax. A partnership or LLC is apassthrough entity. They do not pay any taxes themselves,but they distribute profits to individuals whocan pay taxes on those distributions.”Income from partnerships istaxed differently than income earned throughother methods.”

The IRS treats income from a partnership likeincome from a sole proprietorship. Thismeans that partners are responsible for paying federaland state personal income taxes on their distributiveshare of partnership income. Partners are also requiredto file Form 1065 each year reporting theamount of income distributed to them.


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Filing Requirements in OH

The Internal Revenue Service announced today that it will allow individuals to take a $1,500 personal exemption for 2018. This change applies to both individual and joint filers. In addition, the IRS will permit taxpayers to carry forward net operating losses (NOLs) from prior tax years to offset taxable income in later years. Both changes are effective for tax returns due April 15, 2019.

Individuals filing Form 1040 must attach Schedule A to report itemized deductions, including miscellaneous deductions such as charitable contributions, job expenses, student loan interest, home mortgage interest, property taxes, state sales taxes, and unreimbursed employee business expenses. For more information about how to file, see Publication 535, Individual Income Tax Return Filing Instructions.

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Taxpayers can use the following rules to determine whether they qualify for the $1,500 personal exemptions:

• Individuals 65 or older and married couples filing jointly can claim a $1,500 exemption;

• All others can claim a $750 exemption; and

• Married couples filing separately cannot claim a $1,250 exemption.

In addition, the IRS will allow taxpayers to carry forward NOLs to offset taxable income in subsequent tax years. To do so, taxpayers must meet certain conditions and follow specific procedures. These include:

If You Receive a Notice of Tax Due

The IRS recently sent out notices to taxpayers informing them that they owe money due to tax returns filed late. If you receive one of these letters, it is important to verify that you are the correct taxpayer and that the amount owed is accurate. Here are some tips to help you do just that.

Verify that you are the correct entity receiving the letter. If you are unsure whether you received the letter, contact the IRS directly via phone at 800-829-1040. They will tell you whether you received the letter and what information is needed to resolve the issue.

Verify that the liability is correct. If you believe the liability stated in the letter is incorrect, call the IRS at 800-829 1040. They will explain how to dispute the liability and provide additional information about the matter.

Pay the notice in full immediately. If you believe the liabilities listed in the letter are inaccurate, you must pay the amounts within 30 days. Failure to pay the taxes shown in the letter could lead to fines and penalties.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the purpose of the franchise tax?

The Franchise Tax is a state income tax imposed upon corporations doing business in California. The tax was originally enacted in 1913 to help fund public schools and colleges. In addition, the tax provides funding for local governments and counties. Corporations pay the tax based on their net taxable income. Net taxable income equals total revenue less allowable deductions. Deductions are allowed for various expenses including salaries, wages, interest payments, rent, advertising, insurance, utilities, etc.

Does an LLC pay taxes

The answer is yes. If you have an LLC (Limited Liability Company) then you do not need to file personal income tax returns. You only need to file corporate income tax returns. An LLC does not pay any federal or state individual income tax. However, if you make money selling products or services, you may owe sales tax. Sales tax is collected at each stage of production. When you buy raw materials, you collect sales tax. When you sell finished product, you collect sales tax again. Finally, when you receive payment from customers, you collect sales tax yet again. Sales tax rates vary by state.

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